Hyperthyroidism and hypertension. It is a known fact that millions of people in the world we live in suffer from various degrees of hypertension. There could be quite a few reasons for this phenomenon.
It could be either because of lifestyle and our food habits. More often than not, it has been found that our eating habits and our sedentary lifestyle are the main causes of hypertension and other related cardiac problems.
However, in a number of people, there could be some underlying factors which could be the cause of hypertension. For example, it has been found that there is a very close link between hyperthyroidism and hypertension.
It would, therefore, be worthwhile to find out the various reasons which contribute to a close relationship between hyperthyroidism and hypertension.
However, before moving forward, it would be better if you could have a reasonably good idea regarding hyperthyroidism.
The thyroid gland
The thyroid gland situated in the back of our neck is a small but extremely powerful gland, which secretes various hormones, the most important of them being T3 and T4 hormones.
T4 hormone helps our blood cells to absorb oxygen and transports it to various parts of the body. T4 can be produced in the body only with the help of T3 cells.
Patients suffering from hyperthyroidism have increased levels of secretion of T3 and T4 hormones which amongst other manifestations, increases the blood pressure levels in our body.
Hence, there is no denying the fact that there is a very close and well-established link between hyperthyroidism and hypertension.
The reason why there is increased blood pressure level is that when patients suffer from hyperthyroidism, their heart gets pumped at a much faster rate.
This could be akin to whipping a heart that is tired and sick. If this continues for a period of time, it damages the heart and leads to different types of cardiovascular problems.
The symptoms of hypertension
In many patients, the symptoms of hypertension are often mistaken with some other underlying cause, though if it is diagnosed and examined properly, it could certainly be due to a close link between hyperthyroidism and hypertension.
It is also important to understand from the patient’s point of view that cardiac symptoms that are usually associated with hyperthyroidism, may not be present in many people.
Under such circumstances, it may be difficult to immediately establish a relation between hyperthyroidism and hypertension.
The best way forward is to conduct a thorough thyroid function test and check the levels of hormone secretion, particular hormone T3 and T4.
Once if it is established that the patient is suffering from increased levels of secretion of the hormones and if he or she is suffering from hypertension, there is a reason to believe a close connection between hyperthyroidism and hypertension.
On the other side of the spectrum, there could be many reasons who could suffer from mild to moderate hypertension even before they were diagnosed with hyperthyroidism.
In such situations, it would not be right to describe a relationship between hyperthyroidism and hypertension without doing the problem tests and diagnosis.
Putting a patient on hyperthyroidism drugs alone may not be enough for such patients to see a reduction in their hypertension levels.
Therefore, the best way to establish a relationship
Between hyperthyroidism and hypertension in such patients is to find out whether the hypertension levels reduce significantly when the patient is put on hyperthyroidism levels.
If hypertension does not remit when the patient is on hyperthyroidism drugs, the cause for such increased blood pressure could be some other underlying cause.
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