How to cultivate figs, Fig is an important fruit found in subtropical areas. It has a special ability to tolerate fog.
Because of the increasing demand for its fresh semi-dried, dried fruits, and substances prepared by legislation in international trade, there is immense potential for commercial production.
Fig is a popular fruit, eaten fresh and dried. In India, it is cultivated in Rajasthan, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh.
Globally, it is cultivated in South and West America and the Mediterranean and North African countries.
Gardeners can cultivate figs with scientific technology and get good and quality products from their crops.
This article describes how to do fig gardening with scientific techniques.
Suitable climate to cultivate figs
Figs can be cultivated in a variety of climates, but the fig plant thrives well in hot, dry, and shade-free subtropical and hot-temperate conditions.
It is very important for the atmosphere to remain dry at the time of growth and maturity of the fruit. Due to being a deciduous tree, the effect of frost is less on it.
Land selection for cultivate figs
how to cultivate, figs how to cultivate figsFigs can be grown in all types of soil, but loam or matiyar loam, which has good drainage, is the best soil for this.
The biodiversity of fig found in the lower regions of India has been classified into three species BF-I, BF-II, and BF-III.
Among them, the BF-III species is found to be the best and is named as the ‘Budka fig’ variety.
The average weight of fruits of this variety is 36.8 grams and the total soluble solids content is 18.8 degrees, Brix.
It has less water content than other varieties, so this variety is also suitable for drying.
Strain BF-III (Paddy) plant vigorous, fruit large size blue-black color, pinkish-red on anal ripening, 4 to 6 percent less moisture than common strain and good sleeping age,
heavy crop-producing variety, Northern India Is a variety suitable for low mountain and valley areas.
Fig plants are mainly made from mature cuttings of 1 to 2 cm thick, 15 to 20 cm long.
They are pressed in the soil for calving for 1 to 2 months, taking buds from the mother plants in winter.
As the temperature starts to rise from February to March, these cuttings are taken out and planted in a nursery at a distance of 15 x 15 cm.
7 kg of cow dung manure and 25 to 30 grams of phosphorus and 20 to 25 grams of potash manure per square meter should be put in the nursery beds during preparation.
Nitrogen fertilizer should be applied 10 to 15 grams per square meter one month after planting and the same amount after 2 months.
While preparing the feeds, plant saplings by adding balanced manure and fertilizer to the digging pits.
The distance of the plants is 8 x 8 m, and the planting time is from December to January or July to August (July to August with sapling).
Manures and Fertilizers
How to cultivate figs, Small plants of figs should apply 7 to 10 kg of cow dung in 1 to 3 years.
In plants older than 3 years of age, 15 to 25 kg of cow dung manure per plant, every year.
Use fertilizer as per soil requirement, however, fig crop gives good yield even after use without fertilizer.
Correctness and pruning
In this, the fruit grows on new branches that grow on twigs one to two years old.
Heavy pruning in old trees is beneficial. After plucking the fruit of the diseased and dry branches should be trimmed.
To improve the breed, indigenous trees from the ground.
Plant improved varieties by planting chips or tea budding from June to July on laid tenders. Apart from this, chip budding can also be done in September, March, and April.
To control this, spraying with 3 ml of endosulfan or chlorpyrifos per liter of water is beneficial.
Fruit harvesting and yield
how to cultivate figs, In the subtropical regions, the fruits that arrive in the spring season are ripened from May to August.
Note: This information is given on the basis of various research and study. Be sure to consult a doctor before consuming anything
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