Tree nuts almonds include Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, pecans, pistachios, and walnuts. tree nut does not necessarily mean an individual.
Almond trees are cultivated in large quantities in India and Japan. Apart from this, there are many other countries where it is cultivated. By the way, almond is a kind of dry fruit,
but this almonds nuts is also the seed of an almond tree. The almonds nuts tree is of medium size and pink and white flowers are also grown on this tree.
This almonds nuts tree is usually seen more in mountainous areas. This tree looks like a peach. This tree grows to a height of 4 to 10 meters. All the new twigs of this tree are green at the beginning, which later gradually turn purple.
The fruit of the almonds nuts tree is about 3 to 6 cm tall. This fruit has an outer hardened shell/cover. By the way, the almonds found in the market are without peels. After separating the skin, the seed that comes out from it is eaten as almond.
After removing the peel, the color of the seed that comes out from the inside is ocher or either dark yellow. Almonds are also found in two types, one is sweet almond which is used for eating and the other one is slightly bitter and oil is extracted from this bitter almond.
Benefits of Almond
- A lot of nutrition and minerals are found in almonds, which are very beneficial for us. Such as protein, vitamin E, calcium, phosphorus, etc. are found in high amounts.
- By soaking almonds, a person’s brain becomes very sharp.
- If we eat soaked almonds, it easily keeps our digestive system healthy.
- Pregnant women get complete nutrition by consuming soaked almonds so that their baby is healthy.
- It has many anti-oxidant properties, which keep away dangerous diseases like the heart.
Almond tree flowers and leaves
The leaves of the almond almonds nuts tree are about 8 to 13cm long.
Its flowers are produced singly or in pairs and these flowers appear before the leaves in early spring. Its fruits mature in autumn, 7-8 months after flowering.
Almond grows best in Mediterranean climates with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The optimum temperature for their growth is between 15 ° C to 30 ° C. It is very easy to grow Badam trees in a country where there is very little rainfall.
How to grow almond trees
The almond almonds nuts tree can be grown in two ways, first from its seeds i.e. almond, and second from its plant. This almonds nuts tree can also be grown in your home garden if you want.
If you want to grow an almonds nuts tree by seeds, for this you have to take special care that the almond used is sweet or bitter. Because the seed that will be used to grow the tree will have the same fruit.
Let me tell you one thing that a tree grown by seeds takes a little more time than a plant.
It would be better to bring the almond plant from the nearest nursery and then plant it in your garden. Make sure that you apply it in the evening (evening) and give compost.
Growing almonds from seed
It takes enough time to grow almonds from seed. To grow almonds from seed, you must have high quality sweet and healthy almonds. Because some almonds are also bitter and you will not get any benefit from growing them.
Place the healthy almond seeds in tissue paper and soak them in water. After this, place the tissue paper in a place where the temperature of 15 to 20 degrees will be maintained continuously.
This germination process will take at least 20 days to begin. Then carefully separate the almond seeds from the tissue paper. Then mix the almond sprouted seeds in the cocopeat.
It will take 40 days for a small plant to grow. Avoid giving extra water to almonds. It will take 3 months for the plant to grow. After that, you can bury these plants in the ground.
In the month of July to September, almond plants are easily available in any large nursery. You can buy this plant from there. In this season you can plant these plants in your garden.
The almond plant gives fruit once a year and the grafted plant gives fruit from the third year of planting in the ground.
You will see that in the month of January beautiful pink flowers start coming on the almonds.
The fruit is formed in March-April and starts ripening by July. When flowers grow on the almonds nuts tree, do not water the plant at all.
How to grow almonds nuts trees on the spot
The almonds nuts tree grows very well in a place where there is more sunlight on the plant. Therefore, it is right to plant this almonds nuts tree in an open area.
Before planting the plant on the ground, it is better to leave it in a pot for a few days before that, then remove the plant from the pot and plant it in any good place where there is more sun.
Keep in mind that wherever there is a good settlement of water, plant it because there is a fear of spoiling the roots of the plant due to the accumulation of water so that the plant does not know how to grow.
Soon after planting its plant, the right amount of water should be given to the plant and the soil should be completely wet. After planting the plant, wait at least 5 years to get fruit from this almonds nuts tree
How much water should an almond tree give
Immediately after planting, you should give lots of water and wet the soil completely, after this you should keep on giving regular water as the plant gets bigger.
The almonds nuts tree is found in hot areas but this desert plant No, so it needs water to grow, so you have to give the proper amount of water, you must water each almond plant once a week.
Growing almond plants need more water for this. A drip irrigation system Can also be used.
How much fertilizer does the Almond (Badam) plant need?
The almond plant should give the proper amount of fertilizer; Nitrogen should be given in a small amount after few weeks and a small quantity of urea should also be given after fertilization, you should also give water so that the plant can grow rapidly.
Climate required for almond cultivation
Talking about the climate for almond cultivation, for this, it is necessary to increase the temperature in summer by 30 to 35 ° C and fill the kernel and in winter it will have to withstand up to 2.2 ° C, but the fall of leaf Flowers can be damaged from 0.50 ° C to -11 ° C at this stage.
Flowers can withstand temperatures ranging from 2.2 ° C to 3.3 ° C when they are small, but they can easily damage the crop if low temperatures persist for a long time.
In how many years does the almond plant give fruit?
To get fruit from the almonds nuts tree, you have to wait for 5 years, normally this wait is 5 years. In 5 years the almond plant starts giving fruit, this time period can also increase according to different castes.
A almonds nuts tree of some badam species gives fruit even in 12 years, a fully grown almonds nuts tree can give you about 40 pounds of almonds in one season, once the almonds nuts tree starts producing fruit it will bear fruit every year. And gives continuous fruit for 50 years.
Pollination is of great importance in the almonds nuts tree, if you are planting almond trees and want to get badam then you have to take great care of pollination.
Keep in mind that every almonds nuts tree does not produce fruit until the process of pollination If not, to get pollination, you have to plant almonds nuts of different species.
So that bees and other insect moths can complete the process of cross-pollination and the badam tree can bear fruit, this is very important, regardless The pollard almonds nuts tree will not produce fruit.
Where is almond cultivation
Almonds are often cultivated in colder areas that can also be planted with seeds. America is the largest exporter of almonds worldwide, where California almonds are eaten worldwide, which is larger than Indian almonds in size.
Apart from this, almond cultivation can also be cultivated in countries like Spain, Italy, the United States of America, Morocco, Portugal, Turkey, France, Algeria, Afghanistan, and Persia.
Talking about almond cultivation in India, it is done in colder areas like Kashmir Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand, and in Tibet, Lahaul and Kinnaur districts bordering China, etc.
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Note: This information is given on the basis of various research and study. Be sure to consult a doctor before consuming anything.
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